In 1851 Maharani Lakhsmi Bai gave birth to a
son. But the fate was cruel; within three months the chi8ld died. Gangadhar Rao was
troubled about the future of the state. This led to mentalillness.
The reason for that distress was the cruel rule followed by Lord Dalhousie, the then
Governor General. Some native rulers had accepted the help of the British; the British, in
return, had imposed a condition: if the ruler died without children the British would take
over the state. Even if the ruler adopted a son, the adopted son would not have ruling
powers. Lord Dalhousies rule was this: a yearly pension would be fixed for the
descendants and the full responsibility for protecting the state would be that of the
Applying this rule the British had swallowed many native states. Now it was the turn of
Jhansi.To Mamaraja Gangadhar Rao, who was already old, this was a serious blow. He was
bedridden. In 1853 the Maharaja and Lakshmi Bai decided to adopt Anand Rao, a boy of their
Anand Rao was adopted according to religious rites and he as named Damodar Rao.