On May 18, 1974, India conducted its first nuclear explosion for peaceful purposes, at
Pokran in, Rajasthan and joined the galaxy of nations with atomic energy. It thus became
the world's sixth nuclear power. The other five countries with the nuclear know-how are
America, Russia, Britain, France and China. India'sexplosion of a nuclear device is a
great milestone in the path of technological progress. This achievement was based entirely
on Indian effort. The success of this achievement is due mainly to Bhabha who put India on
the world map of nuclear science.