It was night when Sanjaya returned from Upaplavya to Hastinapura.
Still, he immediately met Dhritharashtra and told him: "The long journey has made me
tired. Tomorrow I will report in the king's court what Yudhishtira told me. The guilty
must be blamed. You have earned the enmity of the Pandavas and are bringing about the
destruction of your subjects. I have to blame you; I have no choice."
On hearing Sanjaya's words Dhritharashtra's mind was
disturbed. He could not sleep even when he lay down. He sent for Vidura. He told him how
Sanjaya had blamed him and said: "Please tell me what is righteous conduct and what
brings us true prosperity? That may bring me peace of mind."
Dhritharashtra's condition filled Vidura with pity. He
recalled Yudhishtira's request to prevent war by any means. Till late in the night he gave
Dhritharashtra advice on a number of subjects. His advice is well known as 'Vidura's
First Vidura described to Dhritharashtra who is a wise man
and who is an unwise man and how each type of man behaves. He made it clear that a number
of persons suffer because of a sin committed by one man. The path of righteousness and
honesty, he said, is the way to true prosperity. "Hanclover to the Pandavas the
portion of the kingdom due to them; then you, your children and the Pandavas can live
happily," he suggested.
After listening to all that Vidura told him, Dhritharashtra
said: "Vidura, all that you say is right. You have always been repeating these words.
To my mind also your advice appears to be just. I wish to follow your advice. But, what
can I do? When Duryodhana speaks to me, the whole picture changes." So did he unfold
his helplessness and anxiety.
Next day, in the court, Sanjaya put forth clearly
Yudhishtiras opinion and the stand of the Pandavas.
Dhritharashtra who heard him said: "Let there be no
war with the Pandavas; let us have peace." Bhishma also supported this view. But
Duryodhana did not agree. "I am bent upon fighting," he said.